The Oneness of God
God is one, not three. There is no “trinity”.
Jesus was asked which of the commandments is the greatest (the word in scripture is “first”, the meaning of which is “greatest” (protos) in the original text). His answer?
“Hear O’ Israel, the LORD our God is one LORD. And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first (greatest) commandment.”
Mark 12: 29-30
He quoted Deuteronomy 6:4 – 5 as the greatest commandment in the whole of the law.
When asked by his followers to “show us the Father”, he said, “if you’ve seen me, you’ve seen the Father.” John 14: 8-9
Clearly, the Father was in the Son (the “Son” is a term used to describe God in his role as a human being, the Messiah, the “lamb” of God).
In heaven, there is one throne, not three. Guess who sits on it? Yes, Jesus. That is, the Father, the Son and the Holy Ghost.
They are all sitting on the throne, because the glorified, risen body of the Messiah is sitting on it, and “in him dwells the fullness of the Godhead bodily”.
The full Godhead, that is, the Father, Son and Holy Ghost, dwells in the Son.
There is no separation in the Godhead. He is one God, with one mind, manifesting himself in different ways to us.
Just as he did as a burning bush, a pillar of cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night. It is the same, one God.
As the Father, he is the creator. As the Son, he is the lamb. As the Holy Ghost, he is the comforter.
Oneness vs Trinitarianism
One of the clearest distinctions between a oneness, or modalism believer and a trinitarian, is that oneness don’t believe the Son existed before he was born in the flesh, other than in the mind of God.
Trinitarians, however, believe he was up there in heaven having conversations with “the Father”, sitting in the living room type of thing. He then “left his post”, to come down to earth and do the Messiah thing.
How many thrones in heaven? One, right?
Prior to the Son being born, who was sitting on the throne?
Did the Son stand while the Father sat on the throne?
What about now? Is the Father standing while the Son is sitting?
These are silly questions, aren’t they?
The name Jesus means “Jehovah-Saviour”. It is the latest revelation of the name of God.
The Jehovah of the old testament who was known as “Jehovah-Jireh” (God, our provider), has now become the Messiah, performed that role and become our saviour.
The name Jesus can be used now in place of Jehovah – xxxxxxx, because Jehovah has become our saviour, so we can attribute that role to him. Instead of calling him Jehovah-Saviour, we call him Jesus, because that is what the name means.
On a personal level, the only way that I can see to reconcile all scripture is through the oneness view. This is also the view of NBPC, and that’s why NBPC are oneness Pentecostals, not Trinitarians.
I hope this brief article gives you some idea of the difference between oneness (also called “modalism”) and trinitarianism.